Religious practices in ancient Greece encompassed a collection of beliefs, rituals, and mythology, in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices. The application of the modern concept of "religion" to ancient cultures has been questioned as anachronistic. The ancient Greeks did not have a word for 'religion' in the modern sense.. By around 500 B.C.E. "rule by the people," or democracy, had emerged in the city of Athens. Following the defeat of a Persian invasion in 480-479 B.C.E., mainland Greece and Athens in particular entered into a golden age. In drama and. The story of ancient Greece began between 1900 and 1600 bc. At that time the Greeks—or Hellenes, as they called themselves—were simple nomadic herdsmen. ... Alexandria, the city founded by Alexander at the mouth of the Nile River in Egypt, became the intellectual capital of the world and a center of Greek scholarship. Its famous library. Alexander , the son of Philip of Macedon and Olympia, princess of Epirus, was born at Pella in Macedon in 356 BC and died in Babylon in 323 BC. The pupil of the philosopher Aristotle between the ages of 13 and 16, he succeeded to the Macedonian throne in 336 BC on the assassination of his father, whose cavalry he had commanded two years earlier at the battle of Chaeronea (Fig 2).